What is this surgery used for?
Blepharoplasty, also known as eyelid surgery, is used to correct sagging skin around the eyelids, fat deposits around the eye, or extra skin and fine lines around the eyes.
A brow lift will specifically raise drooping eyebrows, resulting in a smoother brow and more youthful expression. The procedure can also be used to correct asymmetrical eyebrows. These procedures can be done simultaneously or in conjunction with other facial procedures, most commonly a facelift.
What occurs during this surgery?
Eyelid surgery removes or redistributes fat pockets around the eyelids. The procedure can be performed on the upper lids, lower lids, or both. Incisions are made in such a way that the resulting scars will be concealed within the natural creases of the face.
In a brow lift, loose skin is tightened and excess skin is removed. Forehead wrinkling and drooping brows are modified and lifted through this procedure. The techniques will vary depending on the patient’s hairline; for example, a hairline brow lift will make an incision between the top of the forehead and the beginning of the hairline and is typically used for patients with a high receding hairline.
What care is required before this surgery?
Avoid taking aspirin for two weeks before the surgery. If you smoke, now is a good time to quit to help aid with post-surgery recovery. Take extra care to avoid sun damage in the weeks leading up to the surgery. Wear sunscreen and avoid exposure to direct sunlight. Refrain from eating or drinking after midnight on the night before the surgery. Don’t wear makeup or put in contact lenses on the day of the surgery.
What care is required after this surgery?
Someone should drive you home after the surgery. Ideally, you should also have a person stay with you the first night after surgery. It’s common for patients to have slight discomfort and irritation for several days after surgery. Swelling and bruising are also common. Cold compresses or a lubricating ointment can help to relieve this discomfort, and your eyes may be loosely covered with gauze during the recovery period. You may be prescribed medication to assist with the healing or ointments to clean the eyelids. Sleeping with your head elevated can help to reduce swelling. Protection from direct sunlight is essential. Avoid prolonged exposure to the sun and wear dark sunglasses during the recovery period. After the surgery, you should not take part in any strenuous activities for about a week and stop using contact lenses for about two weeks. Avoid rubbing your eyes as well. Contact your physician immediately if you notice symptoms such as a shortage of breath, severe eye pain, vision problems, or an unusual heart rate.
How long is the recovery time?
Patients are typically able to resume normal activities within 10 to 14 days of eyelid surgery or brow lift. The full healing process may take longer, but side effects will often subside within three weeks. Some activities, such as reading or watching television, may be resumed within two or three days.
Are there any risks associated with this surgery?
Some risks associated with eyelid surgery include sensitivity to bright light, dryness in the eyes, changes in skin sensation, difficulty closing your eyes, and infection. Ectropion, or an outward rolling of the lower eyelid, may occur along with lid lag, a pulling down of the lower eyelid which is usually temporary. Blurred vision and temporary or permanent changes to vision may occur as a result of eyelid surgery. There is also a chance that the surgery will cause blindness, although this is extremely rare. Brow lifts may cause changes in skin sensation, an elevated hairline, or hair loss at the incision site. It also carries the rare risk of blood clots or damage to facial nerves. If you are dissatisfied with your post-operation appearance, further corrective surgery may be necessary.